The Heads of State and Government of Member States of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region during the signing of the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region, committed to finding lasting solutions to guarantee protection and assistance to populations affected by political conflicts in the Great Lakes Region as well as by humanitarian, social and environmental catastrophes by implementing a Programme of Action on Humanitarian, Social and Environmental Issues aimed at:
Promoting policies aimed at disaster prevention, protection, assistance and the search for durable solutions for refugees and internally displaced persons as well as their environment.
Promoting relevant policies to guarantee access to basic social services by the populations affected by conflicts and effects of natural disasters.
1. Framework for Disaster Preparedness, Protection and Assistance to the Internally Displaced Persons and their Environment
Compliance with international, regional Human Rights Instruments;
Protection, Assistance and search for lasting solutions for displaced Populations;
Legal Framework on Issues Relating to the Recovery of Lands and Properties of Returning Persons;
Environmental Assessment, Restoration and Rehabilitation of Human Settlements.
2. The Resumption of Basic Social Services, Provision of Healthcare and Psycho-social Support to Groups with Special Needs
Fight against HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Tuberculosis and Malaria
Promotion of Kiswahili
Prevention of, Fight against Sexual Exploitation, Abuse and Sexual Violence and Assistance to Victims
Protection, assistance and search for durable solutions for displaced populations (Refugees and IDPS) and Communities that host them
The Dar es Salaam Declaration on Peace, Security, Democracy and Development in the Great Lakes Region provides guidelines for the legal and physical protection and assistance of refugees and displaced populations, and to mitigate displacement. In this regard, the 12 core states have committed themselves to address the root causes of conflict and find lasting solutions to, the protracted problems of displaced and refugee populations, notably with regard to their peaceful co-existence with resident populations, their voluntary repatriation and return or local integration, with the full involvement of the local authorities and host populations, and within the framework of tripartite agreements where applicable; encourage countries of origin to create the conditions conducive to the return of refugees.
Legal framework on issues related to the recovery of land and properties by returning refugees and IDPS
These three fundamental and interrelated threats to human welfare are not unique to Africa, but nowhere else in the world are they so pronounced. And nowhere else in the world is there a greater opportunity to combine modern science, indigenous knowledge and development ingenuity to overcome them. In Africa, especially south of the Sahara, poverty is found mainly in the vast rural areas of the continent. About 255 million people living in rural areas struggle to survive on less than a dollar a day. Agriculture is by far the dominant economic activity upon which the rural African poor depend, so increasing agricultural productivity in sustainable ways is an essential first step towards reducing poverty.